Totalitarian regime ww2

Jean de Fabrègues

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Regime docteur oz un

Course trailer 1 min. Introduction: why the Holocaust, why history, why this course? Why the Jews? Traditional anti-Semitism as a central background 12 min. The uniqueness of Nazi anti-Semitism and its place in the NS ideology 10 min.

Saul Friedlander, Nazi Germany and the Jews 10 min. Nazi military occupations and varying occupation policies 10 min.

Totalitarian regime ww2

From the Historian's Desk - Visual Documentation 13 min. Focus on Poland 11 min. Focus on France and Paris 11 min. A World at War and world Jewry 10 min. Europe and its Jews between the two world wars 12 min. The Jewish Perspective and the Badge of Shame 9 min. Ghettoization 10 min. The Warsaw Ghetto 10 min. Isolation with no Walls 10 min.

Leadership 12 min. Future Expectations and Rumors 9 min. The Holocaust - an introduction - Partial conclusions 2 min.

According to Antoine Lilti, the definition of the public sphere as something requiring the operation of critical reason is. In its idealization of the eighteenth century, this concept of public sphere leads us astray in our thinking of what a public could be.

The public is not formed by the exchange of rational arguments, but rather by sharing the same curiosities and beliefs, by being interested in the same things at the same time and by being conscious of that simultaneity. Considered from this angle, the public becomes a body capable of exercising collective criticism for or against the regimebut it is also a province of mass culture, with its diversity of opinions. The role of mass media here is crucial because media circulate the messages and images that contribute to constituting the public.

Regime change in was accompanied by a communications revolution that manifested itself first in the distribution of the press throughout the country and, in time, in mass radio and television broadcasting.

The Bolsheviks considered it essential to provide everyone access to the official discourse, particularly with the aim of political education. To that end, they put in place a variety of mechanisms, including extremely low pricing for periodicals in relation to production costs.

Some collective farms had no wired radio speaker at all. Similarly, the majority of Soviet villages were located more than ten kilometres from a post office, complicating the distribution of newspapers. By contrast, as of the s, we begin to see dynamics strongly favoring the consolidation of media publics, most importantly, the shift from wired to wireless broadcasting, the influx of foreign radio broadcasting in the USSR, and the arrival of transistor radio and then of television, both of which enabled users to choose among programs to listen to and watch.

Urbanization allowed ever increasing numbers of people to access mediated mass culture. Byradio had entered every Soviet home, with 95 million radio sets across the country. While inthe total number of television sets averaged out to one per twelve thousand people, inthe ratio was one per fifteen, and inone per four Communication via celebrities is at the heart of the phenomenon of the media public in socialist countries.

This theoretical prism can thus help resolve the conflict between support and resistance. In order the understand the diversity of opinion at play within a single individual, we need to think in terms of situated emotional engagements rather than duplicity.

The cultural implications were important. Fishzon argues that cartoons deployed the values of the official ideology in such a way as to transform concepts of time and affect. Soviet television programs of the Brezhnev period—in particular, the program Ot vsei dushi analysed here—were designed to engage every viewer on a personal level by appealing to what mattered to and moved her.

The symbolic power of modern media technologies, in particular, as interfaces between the self and the social, and between the organic body and the machine, should not be underestimated.

The Soviet Union and the socialist states of Eastern Europe lauded technological progress as a domain where socialism held the advantage. In practice, the introduction of new technologies was not always straightforward and was the subject of debate between specialists and the authorities. Angelina Lucento shows how figurative painting was able to preserve its status as a premier visual medium under socialism in the face of the rising prominence of photography in the late s and early s.

These critiques of photography stimulated its evolution. The new developed thanks to the old, in a kind of permanent competition. The reproduction of paintings by mechanical means developed in reaction to the rapid spread of photographic technology.

Both the amateur and the western photo influenced the shooting technique of Soviet professionals, who strove to introduce greater intimacy with the subjects they photographed for the press, including party and state leaders, Nikita Khrushchev in the first instance. In press photographs, Soviet leaders now looked as if they had been taken off guard, and this worked to increase the emotional impact of the shots —a phenomenon we have already encountered in the studies of television and cartoons.

Technological innovation remained a central concern because to achieve these effects required modernizing typographical equipment and cameras.

Their determination stemmed from both a desire for confidentiality and the need to rule an immense territory spanning two continents. In their view, communications technologies were tools of governance and of territorial, social, and economic control. In the first period, from the revolution untiltelecommunications are considered primarily as instruments of government. During a period of territorial conquest, telecommunication tools must respond above all to political needs. The phone is a public tool insofar as it contributes to the management of the public sphere, which itself pertains to the state.

By a decree of May 6,individual telephones could be expropriated for the use of state and party leaders and institutions. The number of subscribers in the country declined fromin toin an average, then, of one telephone per one thousand people.

Thus, once again, the telephone was a public tool. What is remarkable in this third period is that the technical choice made in favor of an innovative technology, Ericsson, was suddenly questioned.

Augmentation mammaire marseille ww2

In other words, in the USSR, where political power applied pressure and intervened violently, technological developments could not proceed in a linear fashion. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Jean de Fabrègues. La Cité AntiqueUnion des corporations françaises, L'erreur communisteUnion des corporations françaises, Raison de craindre, raison d'espérerLe Portulan,????

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